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HM forces serviceperson (protective services)

This is not the latest approved version of this apprenticeship. View the latest version

This apprenticeship is in revision

Key information

  1. Status: In development
  2. Ticked Proposal approved
    Ticked Occupational standard approved
    Ticked End-point assessment plan approved
  3. Reference: ST0222
  4. Level: 2
  5. Minimum duration to gateway: 12 months
  6. Typical EPA period: 3 months
  7. Maximum funding: £4000
  8. Route: Protective services
  9. Date updated: 04/11/2022
  10. Lars code: 108
  11. EQA provider: Ofqual
  12. Review:

    This apprenticeship standard will be reviewed after three years

Print occupational standard

Details of the occupational standard

Occupation summary

This occupation is found in the public sector only and specifically within HM Forces (Royal Navy, Army and Royal Air Force). The HM Forces is a large employer. The role is utilised by the ground troops of all three services, who could find their workplace to be UK based or on foreign soil, dependent on HM Government direction.

The broad purpose of the occupation is to provide defence to the United Kingdom, incorporating peace keeping duties such as United Nations Peacekeeping in Cyprus, support/assistance to civilian tasks for example building Nightingale Hospitals during the COVID epidemic, disaster relief for example helping to shore up river banks during major flooding within the UK, and working abroad as directed by HM Government. The HM Forces Serviceperson will be part of the first response ground troops from the Royal Navy, Army or Royal Air Force, who will be delivered to their designated area by sea, land or air, dependent on the location and service represented. They will work individually and as a team, potentially at all hours, in all weathers and across all terrains, as is required to fulfil the requirements of the specified organisational objectives.

In their daily work, an employee in this occupation typically interacts with colleagues and their line management chain from their relevant service (Royal Navy, Army, Royal Air Force). The HM Forces Serviceperson could be assigned to work within the wider HM Forces environment and may be required to take direction from line management of an alternative service or take direction from other nations or other government departments. This is dependent on the HM Forces Serviceperson's duties, tasks and locations.

An employee in this occupation will be responsible for ensuring that all they have been taught is applied, enabling instinctive actions and reactions in appropriate controlled and measured ways.  For HM Forces Servicepersons, preparation is vital. They will carry out theoretical and practical training, which will include, but not exclusively, communication methods, enhanced first aid, safe weapons handling processes and navigation methods along with testing and maintenance of equipment to ensure operational preparedness. They are responsible for consistently working in a professional manner, both individually and as a team, continually honing the requisite skills in readiness for any eventuality they may be required to fulfil. They will become embedded into a professional culture and ethos where individuals understand / are aware of how their role supports both the team and aligns to the wider organisational taskings and priorities.

Typical job titles include:

Infantry soldier including the queens guards Paratrooper Royal air force regiment gunner Royal armoured corps crew Royal marines rifleman

Occupation duties

Duty KSBs

Duty 1 Participate in individual and teamwork drills and activities to develop self and others to deliver organisational objectives.

K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 K8 K9 K10 K11 K12 K13 K14

S1 S2 S3 S8 S11 S17 S18

B1 B2 B3 B4 B6

Duty 2 Administer first aid, use recognised methods in preserving life, move casualties utilising recognised casualty evacuation procedures.

K3 K5 K6 K7 K8 K9 K10 K11 K14

S2 S3 S5 S17 S18

Duty 3 Use, monitor and maintain physical resources, use appropriate tools and equipment in a reliable and safe manner throughout.

K2 K5 K9 K10 K11 K14

S2 S3 S7 S17 S18 S20

Duty 4 Use suitable methods of communication for the task, acknowledge, send and receive messages in line with procedures.

K3 K5 K6 K10 K11

S14 S15 S17 S18

B2 B5

Duty 5 Monitor and maintain own physical fitness requirements to conform to the organisations mandated physical fitness levels.

K3 K5 K7 K8

S1 S7 S17 S18

B3 B6

Duty 6 Plan and navigate specified routes using recognised aids and techniques, in a variety of conditions and terrains.

K3 K5 K9

S1 S7 S12 S17 S18

Duty 7 Use safe systems of training to operate individual and team weapon systems, associated ancillaries, ammunitions and pyrotechnics.

K1 K2 K4

S1 S3 S9 S18 S19 S20

B5

Duty 8 Operate both individually and as a team member using a full range of field techniques and skills, team weapon systems and assets.

K1 K3 K5 K9 K14

S3 S4 S6 S7 S8 S10 S13 S14 S17 S18 S19 S20

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5

Duty 9 Plan and prepare personal equipment and resources, conduct simple and complex drill movements.

K3 K6 K9 K10 K11 K12 K14

S1 S2 S16 S17 S18

Duty 10 Carry out post action activities in accordance with organisational procedures.

K3 K10 K13

S1 S11 S16 S17 S18

B2 B5 B6


KSBs

Knowledge

K1: Understand marksmanship principles, ammunition types and storage requirements. Back to Duty

K2: Weapon cleaning regimes in different environments. Back to Duty

K3: Appropriate methods of Operations Preparation, including the NATO sequence of orders, and preparation for battle procedures. Back to Duty

K4: The principles of Service Law and the Law of Armed Conflict. Back to Duty

K5: Navigation and map reading, across all terrains in urban and rural environments, by day and night. Back to Duty

K6: How to carry out treatment to casualty, elementary life support and casualty handling, including battlefield casualty evacuation (CASEVAC principles). Asset deployment affecting teams and the importance of clear communications. Back to Duty

K7: The importance of maintaining physical and mental wellbeing, maintaining relevant levels of physical fitness, seeking advice on improvements to physical fitness and management with injuries. Back to Duty

K8: Good practice in nutrition, health and hygiene. Back to Duty

K9: Hazards, risks and control measures across a range of situations military and civilian. Back to Duty

K10: Understand personal and specialist resource management, dress codes, maintain own equipment in line with regulations. Back to Duty

K11: Asset deployment affecting teams and the importance of clear communications. Back to Duty

K12: Understand the principles and practices of simple and complex drill movements for Parades and Special Events. Back to Duty

K13: Environmental impact of military training and how to improve practices to benefit the environment. Back to Duty

K14: How to use individual protective equipment in Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear environments. Back to Duty

Skills

S1: Take responsibility for effective performance within their role. Back to Duty

S2: Carry out safe working practices using the individual personal weapon. Back to Duty

S3: Operate safely and effectively in emergency situations. Back to Duty

S4: Operate within hazardous environments using Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear individual protective equipment. Back to Duty

S5: Apply First Aid to minor and major injuries. Back to Duty

S6: Use fieldcraft techniques to camouflage and conceal self, equipment and location. Back to Duty

S7: Use and maintain personal safety and specialist equipment. Back to Duty

S8: Operate tactically in open country and wooded areas without being seen or heard. Back to Duty

S9: Occupy tactical locations by constructing strongholds. Back to Duty

S10: Conduct tactical patrols. Back to Duty

S11: Indicate targets by judging distance and range cards. Back to Duty

S12: Navigate using recognised methods, across varying terrains by day and night. Back to Duty

S13: Conduct sentry duties within a tactical location. Back to Duty

S14: Communicate effectively, through tactical hand signals. Back to Duty

S15: Send and receive messages using in-service portable radios. Back to Duty

S16: Drill movements; Dress for the event, perform foot and arms drill, show respect and courtesy to visitors. Back to Duty

S17: Use physical resources as not to cause injury to self or others Back to Duty

S18: Show how to prepare and maintain operational equipment and resources, ancillaries, ammunition and pyrotechnics. Back to Duty

S19: Show understanding of Individual Weapons, purposes and characteristics. Back to Duty

S20: Show how to operate weapons and remedy malfunctions. Back to Duty

Behaviours

B1: Commitment to Diversity and Inclusion, understanding other cultures, adopting a fair and ethical approach in the way you treat others. Back to Duty

B2: Use appropriate behaviour with a range of people including colleagues, and managers. Recognise rank structure and act appropriately. Back to Duty

B3: Adapt to a strong work ethic; reliable, punctual, diligent and flexible, in changing working environments and situations. Back to Duty

B4: Account for actions, personal, professional equipment and understand impacts of poor accountability as well as its effects in the workplace. Back to Duty

B5: Be motivated individually and as a team member, show you are adaptable in the role. Back to Duty

B6: Adopt appropriate performance and initiative traits, as behaviour minimal standard. Back to Duty


Qualifications

English and Maths

English and maths qualifications form a mandatory part of all apprenticeships and must be completed before an apprentice can pass through gateway. The requirements are detailed in the current version of the apprenticeship funding rules.

Print EPA plan

End-point assessment plan

AP02

Introduction and overview

This document explains the requirements for end-point assessment (EPA) for the HM Serviceperson (Protective Services) apprentices. End-point assessment organisations (EPAOs) must follow this when designing and delivering their EPA.

HM forces serviceperson (protective services) apprentices, their employers and training providers should read this document.

An approved EPAO must conduct the EPA for this apprenticeship. Employers must select an approved EPAO from the Education and Skills Funding Agency’s Register of end-point assessment organisations (RoEPAO).

A full-time apprentice typically spends 12 months on-programme (this means in training before the gateway) working towards competence as a HM forces serviceperson (protective services). All apprentices must spend at least 12 months on-programme. All apprentices must complete the required amount of off-the-job training specified by the apprenticeship funding rules.

This EPA has 2 assessment methods.

The grades available for each EPA method are:

EPA method 1 - practical skills assessment:

  • fail
  • pass

EPA method 2 - interview:

  • fail
  • pass
  • distinction

The result from each EPA method is combined to decide the overall apprenticeship grade. The following grades are available for the apprenticeship:

  • fail
  • pass
  • distinction

EPA summary table

On-programme (typically 12 months)
The apprentice must complete training to develop the knowledge, skills and behaviours (KSBs) of the occupational standard.

The apprentice must complete training towards English and maths qualifications in line with the apprenticeship funding rules.

End-point assessment gateway
The employer must be content that the apprentice is working at or above the occupational standard.

The apprentice’s employer must confirm that they think the apprentice:

  • is working at or above the occupational standard as a HM forces serviceperson (protective services)

  • has the evidence required to pass the gateway and is ready to take the EPA

The apprentice must have achieved English and maths qualifications in line with the apprenticeship funding rules.

The apprentice must submit any policies and procedures as requested by the EPAO.

End-point assessment (typically 3 months)
Grades available for each method:

Practical Skills Assessment

  • fail
  • pass

Interview

  • fail
  • pass
  • distinction

Overall EPA and apprenticeship can be graded:

    • fail
    • pass
    • distinction
Re-sits and re-takes



  • Re-take and re-sit grade cap: pass
  • Re-sit timeframe: typically 2 months
  • Re-take timeframe: typically 4 months

Duration of end-point assessment period

The EPA will be taken within the EPA period. The EPA period begins when the EPAO confirms the gateway requirements are met and is typically 3 months.

The expectation is that the EPAO will confirm the gateway requirements are met and the EPA begins as quickly as possible.

EPA gateway

The apprentice’s employer must confirm that they think their apprentice is working at or above the occupational standard. The apprentice will then enter the gateway. The employer may take advice from the apprentice's training provider(s), but the employer must make the decision.

The apprentice must meet the gateway requirements before starting their EPA.

This includes:

  • achieving English and maths qualifications in line with the apprenticeship funding rules

The apprentice must submit any policies and procedures as requested by the EPAO.

Assessment methods

The assessment methods can be delivered in any order.

The result of one assessment method does not need to be known before starting the next.

Practical Skills Assessment

Overview

In a practical assessment, the independent assessor observes the apprentice completing a task or series of tasks set by the EPAO. The EPAO decides where it takes place, and the test environment must closely relate to the apprentice’s natural working environment.

The practical and responses to questions must be assessed holistically by the independent assessor when they are deciding the grade for the practical assessment.

Rationale

This EPA method is being used because this is a practical role and therefore it is important that the apprentices demonstrate that they have the skills to undertake the tasks in practice and to confirm the apprentice has the skills required to safely operate and control the standard issue basic weapon without endangering the lives of others.

Delivery

The practical skills assessment must be structured to give the apprentice the opportunity to demonstrate the KSBs mapped to this EPA method to the highest available grade.

The practical skills assessment will be administered by a competent person independent of the apprentice, and who has not contributed to their on-programme delivery i.e., there must be no conflict of interest and they must be independent of the apprentice's on-programme learning and training. Due to the specialist nature of the organisation and occupation, this may be someone from within the same organisation.

The independent assessor must only observe one apprentice to ensure quality and rigour they must be as unobtrusive as possible.

The EPAO must give an apprentice 14 days notice of the practical assessment.

The practical skills assessment must take 1 hour.

The independent assessor can increase the time of the practical skills assessment by up to 10%. This time is to allow the apprentice to complete a task or respond to a question if necessary. The practical assessment and questioning must allow the apprentice the opportunity to demonstrate the KSBs at the highest possible grade.

The practical skills assessment cannot be split, other than for comfort breaks or to allow apprentices to move from one location to another. Where breaks occur, they will not count towards the total EPA time.

EPAOs must manage invigilation of apprentices at all times to maintain security of the EPA, in line with their malpractice policy. This includes breaks and moving between locations.

The independent assessor must explain to the apprentice the format and timescales of the practical skills assessment before it begins. This does not count towards the assessment time.

The independent assessor should observe the following during the practical assessment. These activities provide the apprentice with the opportunity to demonstrate the KSBs as shown in the mapping:

task one: weapon safety

  • handling the weapon safely as not to endanger the life of others

task two: stripping and assembly

  • strip and assemble the weapon including ancillaries by using the correct tools and equipment

task three: magazine filling

  • fill magazines with rounds

task four: loading the weapon

  • conduct the safety checks, adopting the correct position, check the magazine and fit correctly to the weapon

task five: making the weapon ready

  • ready the weapon for firing

task six: conduct the immediate action drills

  • use forward assist, deal with loose ammunition, empty magazines and breach obstructions

task seven: unloading the weapon

  • remove the magazine, check working parts ensuring no rounds are present, working parts forward and firing the action

These activities provide the apprentice with the opportunity to demonstrate the KSBs as shown in the mapping.

The independent assessor conducts and assesses the practical skills assessment. They must record the KSBs observed, KSBs demonstrated in answers to questions and the grade achieved.

The independent assessor sends recommendations to the EPAO who will make all grading decisions.

Assessment location

The practical skills assessment will take place in a simulated environment selected by the EPAO (for example the EPAO’s or employer’s premises). The simulated environment must relate to the apprentice’s natural work environment. Equipment and resources needed for the practical skills assessment must be provided by the EPAO, who can liaise with the employer to provide these.

Resource development

EPAOs must ensure that appropriate quality assurance procedures are in place. For example, considering standardisation, training and moderation.

EPAOs must produce the following materials to support the practical skills assessment:

  • independent assessor assessment materials which include:
    • training materials
    • administration materials
    • moderation and standardisation materials
    • guidance materials
    • grading guidance
  • EPA guidance for the apprentice and employer

Interview

Overview

An interview consists of an independent assessor asking an apprentice a series of questions to assess their competence against KSB's. It differs from a professional discussion in that the independent assessor's role is restricted to asking set questions, and there is no scope for two-way discussion. The independent assessor leads this process to obtain information from the apprentice to enable a structured assessment decision making process. When determining whether a professional discussion or interview should be selected as an assessment method, consider how the KSBs are best assessed.

Rationale

This EPA method is being used because the apprentices have been exposed to a considerable amount of knowledge-based information about serving and working within the Armed Forces and many aspects of the apprenticeship can be determined through this method and is appropriate to ensure that this knowledge, skills and behaviours are embedded.

Delivery

The interview must be structured to give the apprentice the opportunity to demonstrate the KSBs mapped to this EPA method to the highest available grade.

The purpose of the independent assessor's questions will be to check the understanding and application of the knowledge, skills and behaviours discussed.

The interview will be administered by a competent person independent of the apprentice, and who has not contributed to their on-programme delivery i.e., there must be no conflict of interest and they must be independent of the apprentice’s on-programme learning and training. Due to the specialist nature of the organisation and occupation, this may be someone from within the same organisation.

The interview consists of the independent assessor asking an apprentice a series of questions to assess their competence against the KSBs. The Independent assessor leads this process to obtain information from the apprentice to enable structured assessment decision-making to occur.

They will operate under the independent quality assurance arrangements of an EPAO. The independent assessor will make a recommendation regarding pass/fail of the EPA to the EPAO, who will make the final grading decision.

It will involve a series of scripted questions that will focus on aspects of military training, activities outlined in the KSBs. The assessment is closed book which means that the apprentice cannot refer to reference any notes, books or materials.

The EPAO must give an apprentice 5 days notice of the interview.

The interview must last for 90 minutes. The independent assessor can increase the time of the interview by up to 10%. This time is to allow the apprentice to respond to a question if necessary.

For the interview, the independent assessor must ask at least 9 questions. Follow-up questions are allowed. The independent assessor must use the questions from the EPAO’s question bank or create their own questions in-line with the EPAO’s training. The interview must allow the apprentice the opportunity to demonstrate the KSBs mapped to this EPA method at the highest possible grade.

The independent assessor conducts and assesses the interview.

The independent assessor must keep accurate records of the assessment. The records must include the KSBs met, the grade achieved and answers to questions.

The independent assessor sends recommendations to the EPAO, who will make all grading decisions.

The interview will involve a series of scripted questions that will focus on aspects of military training, activities and KSBs. The assessment is closed book which means that the apprentice cannot refer to any notes, books or materials.

The independent assessor will provide all evidence and documentation of the apprentice’s performance to the EPAO. The EPAO will then make the grading decision based on this evidence. The evidence provided by the independent assessor should focus on direct observation of performance rather than opinions.

Assessment location

The interview must take place in a suitable venue selected by the EPAO.

The interview should take place in a quiet room, free from distractions and influence.

The interview will take place at the employer's premises.

Question and resource development

EPAOs must write an assessment specification and question bank. The specification must be relevant to the occupation and demonstrate how to assess the KSBs shown in the mapping. It is recommended this is done in consultation with employers of this occupation. EPAOs should maintain the security and confidentiality of EPA materials when consulting employers. The questions must be unpredictable. A question bank of sufficient size will support this. The assessment specification and questions must be reviewed at least once a year to ensure they remain fit-for-purpose.

EPAOs must develop purpose-built question banks and ensure that appropriate quality assurance procedures are in place, for example, considering standardisation, training and moderation. EPAOs must ensure that questions are refined and developed to a high standard.

EPAOs must ensure that apprentices have a different set of questions in the case of re-sits or re-takes.

EPAOs must produce the following materials to support the interview:

  • independent assessor assessment materials which include:
    • training materials
    • administration materials
    • moderation and standardisation materials
    • guidance materials
    • grading guidance
    • question bank
  • EPA guidance for the apprentice and employer

Grading

Practical Skills Assessment

Fail - does not meet pass criteria

Theme
KSBs
Pass
Apprentices must demonstrate all the pass descriptors
Weapon Maintenance
S2 S18

Conducts weapons handling in line with safe working practices before, during, and after the test. 

Conducts the removal and assembly of ancillaries and optical sights, the trigger mechanism housing, the recoil rod and bolt carrier, the gas system, hand guard and down grip, magazines, and carries out a function test. (S2, S18)

Weapon Preparation and Use
K2 S1 S7 S19 S20

 

Use correct weapon cleaning regimes for the weapon and maintenance kit to clean equipment and materials and explain lubrication in different environments. Shows how they take responsibility to prepare the weapon ready to use, ensuring they complete the magazine filling without causing damage to ammunition or magazines. Performs the Immediate Action and Stoppages procedures safely in an emergency situation. Demonstrates unloading the rifle, returning all magazines and rounds to the appropriate location. (K2, S1, S7, S19, S20)

 

Interview

Fail - does not meet pass criteria

Theme
KSBs
Pass
Apprentices must demonstrate all the pass descriptors
Distinction
Apprentices must demonstrate all the pass descriptors and all of the distinction descriptors
Health and safety
K9 S3 S17 B5

Explains their approach to operate safely in emergency situations the risks inherent in carrying out tasks and control measures.

 

Describes how to minimise hazards within the workplace and living space by supporting team members to reduce risk to self and others. (K9, S3, S17, B5)

 

 

n/a

Maintenance of self and equipment
K7 K8 K10 B1 B4

Describes how to maintain physical and mental fitness through nutrition, hygiene, improving physical fitness and preventing injury. Explains why it is important to maintain physical and mental fitness. States how to seek guidance and why seeking advice on improvements to physical fitness and management of injuries or weight management can be of benefit to own health. (K7, K8)

Describes how to manage resources within regulations to maintain personal uniforms, own/team equipment and report defective equipment to prevent injury to self or others. Shows understanding of the impact of their actions and is accountable for its effect in the workplace. (K10, B4)

 

Explains their commitment to diversity and inclusion including understanding of cultural diversity and how to treat others in a way that is fair and ethical. (B1)

 

n/a

Navigation and mapping
K5 S12

Describes using navigation techniques to move from one place to another both day and night using map, silver compass and other instruments for navigation (K5, S12)

Explains the different types of scales on maps and is able to identify features such as elevation and dead ground. Describes how they can use key features of the maps to understand topological information. (K8, S12)

Marksmanship
K1

Explains the marksmanship principles and how they use storage for different types of ammunition. (K1)

n/a

First Aid
K6 S5 B6

Describes the principles of battlefield casualty evacuation and how to use first aid methods to treat both major and minor injuries. Describes levels of treatment for casualties and order of treatment. (K6, S5) 

Acts in ways to show initiative when dealing with casualties and reflect on how to improve their performance. (B6) 

Identifies types of traumas associated with gunshot wound and fragmentation and describes how to prioritise treatment when faced with a high number of casualties with minor and major injuries. Defines the Triage stages and priorities that would be treated. (K6, S5)

Hazardous environments
K13 K14 S4

Describes how to use specialist Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear protective equipment when working in hazardous environment. States the impact of military training to the environment and how to adopt practices to benefit the environment. (K13, K14, S4)

n/a

Operational activities
K3 K4 K12 S6 S8 S9 S10 S11 S13 S16 B3

Describes how they conduct sentry duty, the importance of using a range card to detail the ground ahead, participate in infantry tactics, ambushes, foot patrols, fieldcraft techniques, harbour occupation during defensive and offensive operations. Describes awareness of tactical judgement incorporating knowledge of other team members roles.  (K3, K4, S6, S8, S9, S10, S11, S13)

Describes the principles and practices of simple and complex drill movements and how to use them in formal and ceremonial parades. (K12, S16)

Describes how they act in ways to show they have a strong work ethic and can be reliable, punctual, diligent and flexible, in changing working environments and situations. (B3)

n/a

Communication
K11 S14 S15 B2

Describes communication methods including in-service radios, tactical hand signals, and the benefits of different types of communication.

Describes recognised behaviour when working with different people and in accordance with the rank structure. (K11, S14, S15, B2).

 

Describes and evaluates the benefits and limitations of using different communication methods including in-service radios and tactical hand signals. States why asset deployment is vital to maintain communications in a variety of situations. (K11, S14, S15)

Overall EPA grading

The EPA methods contribute equally to the overall EPA grade.

Performance in the EPA will determine the apprenticeship grade of:

    • fail
    • pass
    • distinction

Independent assessors must individually grade the: practical skills assessment and interview according to the requirements set out in this EPA plan.

EPAOs must combine the individual assessment method grades to determine the overall EPA grade.

Apprentices who fail one or more assessment method will be awarded an overall EPA fail.

Apprentices must achieve at least a pass in all the EPA methods to get an overall pass. In order to achieve an overall EPA distinction, apprentices must score a distinction in the interview and a pass in the practical skills assessment.

Grades from individual assessment methods should be combined in the following way to determine the grade of the EPA as a whole.

Practical Skills Assessment Interview Overall Grading
Any grade Fail Fail
Fail Any grade Fail
Pass Pass Pass
Pass Distinction Distinction

Re-sits and re-takes

Apprentices who fail one or more EPA method(s) can take a re-sit or a re-take at the employer’s discretion. The apprentice’s employer needs to agree that a re-sit or re-take is appropriate. A re-sit does not need further learning, whereas a re-take does.

Apprentices should have a supportive action plan to prepare for a re-sit or a re-take.

The employer and EPAO agree the timescale for a re-sit or re-take. A re-sit is typically taken within 2 months of the EPA outcome notification. The timescale for a re-take is dependent on how much re-training is required and is typically taken within 4 months of the EPA outcome notification.

Failed EPA methods must be re-sat or re-taken within a 6-month period from the EPA outcome notification, otherwise the entire EPA will need to be re-sat or re-taken in full.

Re-sits and re-takes are not offered to apprentices wishing to move from pass to a higher grade.

An apprentice will get a maximum EPA grade of pass for a re-sit or re-take, unless the EPAO determines there are exceptional circumstances.

Roles and responsibilities

Roles Responsibilities

Apprentice

As a minimum, the apprentice should:

  • participate in and complete on-programme training to meet the KSBs as outlined in the occupational standard for a minimum of 12 months
  • complete the required amount of off-the-job training specified by the apprenticeship funding rules and as arranged by the employer and training provider
  • understand the purpose and importance of EPA
  • undertake the EPA including meeting all gateway requirements

 

Employer

As a minimum, the apprentice's employer must:

  • select the EPAO and training provider 
  • work with the training provider (where applicable) to support the apprentice in the workplace and to provide the opportunities for the apprentice to develop the KSBs
  • arrange and support off-the-job training to be undertaken by the apprentice
  • decide when the apprentice is working at or above the level required by the occupational standard and so is ready for EPA
  • ensure that all supporting evidence required at the gateway is submitted in accordance with this EPA plan
  • remain independent from the delivery of the EPA
  • confirm arrangements with the EPAO for the EPA (who, when, where) in a timely manner (including providing access to any employer-specific documentation as required, for example company policies)
  • ensure that the EPA is scheduled with the EPAO for a date and time which allows appropriate opportunity for the apprentice to meet the KSBs
  • ensure the apprentice is well prepared for the EPA
  • require the training provider and EPAO to ensure the EPA is booked in a timely manner

Post-gateway, the employer must: 

  • confirm arrangements with the EPAO for the EPA (who, when, where) in a timely manner (including providing access to any employer-specific documentation as required, for example company policies)
  • ensure that the EPA is scheduled with the EPAO for a date and time which allows appropriate opportunity for the KSBs to be met
  • remain independent from the delivery of the EPA
  • ensure the apprentice is given sufficient time away from regular duties to prepare for, and complete all post-gateway elements of the EPA, and that any required supervision during this time (as stated within this EPA plan) is in place
  • where the apprentice is assessed in the workplace, ensure that the apprentice has access to the resources used on a daily basis
  • pass the certificate to the apprentice upon receipt from the EPAO

EPAO

As a minimum, the EPAO must: 

  • conform to the requirements of this EPA plan and deliver its requirements in a timely manner
  • conform to the requirements of the Register of end-point assessment organisations (RoEPAO)
  • conform to the requirements of the external quality assurance provider (EQAP) for this apprenticeship
  • have no direct connection with the apprentice or training provider. The EPAO must ensure that they are only involved in the delivery of the EPA and have robust information barrier protocols in place within the organisation to prevent conflicts of interest with the military as both an employer and end-point assessment organisation
  • makes all the grading decisions
  • understand the occupational standard
  • make all necessary contractual arrangements, including agreeing the price of the EPA
  • develop and produce assessment materials including specifications and marking materials (for example mark schemes, practice materials, training material)
  • appoint suitably qualified and competent independent assessors and oversee their working
  • appoint administrators (and invigilators where required) to administer the EPA as appropriate
  • provide training for independent assessors in terms of good assessment practice, operating the assessment tools and grading
  • provide adequate information, advice and guidance documentation to enable apprentices, employers and training providers to prepare for the EPA
  • arrange for the EPA to take place, in consultation with the employer
  • where the apprentice is not assessed in the workplace, ensure that the apprentice has access to the required resources and liaise with the employer to agree this if necessary
  • develop and provide appropriate assessment recording documentation to ensure a clear and auditable process is in place for providing assessment decisions and feedback to all relevant stakeholders
  • have policies and procedures for internal quality assurance (IQA), and maintain records of regular and robust IQA activity and moderation for external quality assurance (EQA) purposes
  • deliver induction training for independent assessors, and for invigilators and/or markers (where used)
  • undertake standardisation activity on this apprenticeship for all independent assessors before they conduct an EPA for the first time, if the EPA is updated and periodically as appropriate (a minimum of annually)
  • manage invigilation of the apprentice to maintain security of the assessment in line with the EPAO’s malpractice policy
  • verify the identity of the apprentice being assessed
  • use language in the development and delivery of the EPA that is appropriate to the level of the occupational standard

Pre-gateway, the EPAO must: 

  • make all necessary contractual arrangements, including agreeing the price of the EPA
  • provide adequate information, advice and guidance documentation to enable the apprentice, employers and training provider to prepare for the EPA
  • arrange for the EPA to take place, in consultation with the employer

At the gateway, the EPAO must: 

  • confirm all gateway requirements have been met as quickly as possible

Post-gateway, EPAOs must: 

  • where the apprentice is not assessed in the workplace, ensure that the apprentice has access to the required resources and liaise with the employer to agree this if necessary.

Independent assessor

As a minimum, an independent assessor must: 

  • have the competence to assess the apprentice at the level of this apprenticeship and hold any required qualifications and experience in line with the requirements of the independent assessor as detailed in the IQA section of this EPA plan
  • understand the occupational standard and the requirements of this EPA
  • have, maintain and be able to evidence, up-to-date knowledge and expertise of the subject matter
  • deliver the end-point assessment in-line with this EPA plan
  • comply with the IQA requirements of the EPAO
  • have no direct connection or conflict of interest with the apprentice, their employer or training provider; in all instances, including when the EPAO is the training provider for example HEI
  • attend induction training
  • attend standardisation events when they begin working for the EPAO, before they conduct an EPA for the first time and a minimum of annually on this apprenticeship 
  • assess each assessment method, as determined by the EPA plan, and without extending the EPA unnecessarily
  • assess against the KSBs assigned to each assessment method, as shown in the mapping of KSBs to assessment methods and as determined by the EPAO, and without extending the EPA unnecessarily
  • provide evidence of the apprentice’s demonstration during the EPA to the EPAO to make the grading decisions
  • record and report all assessment outcome decisions, for each apprentice, following instructions and using assessment recording documentation provided by the EPAO, in a timely manner
  • use language in the development and delivery of the EPA that is appropriate to the level of the occupational standard
  • mark open (constructed) test answers accurately according to the EPAO’s mark scheme and procedures

Training provider

As a minimum, the training provider should:

  • work with the employer and support the apprentice during the off-the-job training to provide the opportunities to develop the knowledge, skills and behaviours as listed in the occupational standard
  • conduct training covering any knowledge, skill or behaviour requirement agreed as part of the Commitment Statement or the Individual Learning Plan
  • monitor the apprentice’s progress during any training provider led on-programme learning
  • advise the employer, upon request, on the apprentice’s readiness for EPA
  • remain independent from the delivery of the EPA. Where the training provider is the EPAO for example HEI, there must be procedures in place to mitigate against any conflict of interest

Reasonable adjustments

The EPAO must have reasonable adjustments arrangements for the EPA.

This should include:

  • how an apprentice qualifies for reasonable adjustment
  • what reasonable adjustments may be made

Adjustments must maintain the validity, reliability and integrity of the EPA as outlined in this EPA plan.

Internal quality assurance (IQA)

Internal quality assurance refers to how EPAOs ensure valid, consistent and reliable EPA decisions. EPAOs must adhere to the requirements within the roles and responsibilities section and:

  • have effective and rigorous quality assurance systems and procedures that ensure fair, reliable and consistent EPA regardless of employer, place, time or independent assessor
  • appoint independent assessors who are competent to deliver the EPA and who:
    • have recent relevant experience of the occupation or sector to at least occupational level 3 gained in the last 3 years or significant experience of the occupation or sector
    • meet the following minimum requirements:

      independent assessors must be a serving officer or non-commissioned officer and hold a weapons instructor qualification

  • operate induction training for anyone involved in the delivery and/or assessment of the EPA
  • provide training for independent assessors in good assessment practice, operating the assessment tools and making grading decisions
  • provide ongoing training for markers and invigilators
  • provide standardisation activity for this apprenticeship standard for all independent assessors:
    • before they conduct an EPA for the first time
    • if the EPA is updated
    • periodically as appropriate (a minimum of annually)
  • conduct effective moderation of EPA decisions and grades
  • conduct appeals where required, according to the EPAO’s appeals procedure, reviewing and making final decisions on EPA decisions and grades
  • have no direct connection with the apprentice, their employer or training provider. In all instances, including when the EPAO is the training provider (for example a higher education institution)

Value for money

Affordability of the EPA will be aided by using at least some of the following:

  • completing applicable assessment methods online (for example computer-based assessment)
  • utilising digital remote platforms to conduct applicable assessment methods
  • assessing multiple apprentices simultaneously where the method of assessment permits this
  • using the employer’s premises
  • conducting assessment methods on the same day

Professional recognition

Professional body recognition is not relevant to this occupational apprenticeship.

Mapping of KSBs to assessment methods

Knowledge Assessment methods
K1

Understand marksmanship principles, ammunition types and storage requirements.

Back to Grading
Interview
K2

Weapon cleaning regimes in different environments.

Back to Grading
Practical Skills Assessment
K3

Appropriate methods of Operations Preparation, including the NATO sequence of orders, and preparation for battle procedures.

Back to Grading
Interview
K4

The principles of Service Law and the Law of Armed Conflict.

Back to Grading
Interview
K5

Navigation and map reading, across all terrains in urban and rural environments, by day and night.

Back to Grading
Interview
K6

How to carry out treatment to casualty, elementary life support and casualty handling, including battlefield casualty evacuation (CASEVAC principles). Asset deployment affecting teams and the importance of clear communications.

Back to Grading
Interview
K7

The importance of maintaining physical and mental wellbeing, maintaining relevant levels of physical fitness, seeking advice on improvements to physical fitness and management with injuries.

Back to Grading
Interview
K8

Good practice in nutrition, health and hygiene.

Back to Grading
Interview
K9

Hazards, risks and control measures across a range of situations military and civilian.

Back to Grading
Interview
K10

Understand personal and specialist resource management, dress codes, maintain own equipment in line with regulations.

Back to Grading
Interview
K11

Asset deployment affecting teams and the importance of clear communications.

Back to Grading
Interview
K12

Understand the principles and practices of simple and complex drill movements for Parades and Special Events.

Back to Grading
Interview
K13

Environmental impact of military training and how to improve practices to benefit the environment.

Back to Grading
Interview
K14

How to use individual protective equipment in Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear environments.

Back to Grading
Interview
Skill Assessment methods
S1

Take responsibility for effective performance within their role.

Back to Grading
Practical Skills Assessment
S2

Carry out safe working practices using the individual personal weapon.

Back to Grading
Practical Skills Assessment
S3

Operate safely and effectively in emergency situations.

Back to Grading
Interview
S4

Operate within hazardous environments using Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear individual protective equipment.

Back to Grading
Interview
S5

Apply First Aid to minor and major injuries.

Back to Grading
Interview
S6

Use fieldcraft techniques to camouflage and conceal self, equipment and location.

Back to Grading
Interview
S7

Use and maintain personal safety and specialist equipment.

Back to Grading
Practical Skills Assessment
S8

Operate tactically in open country and wooded areas without being seen or heard.

Back to Grading
Interview
S9

Occupy tactical locations by constructing strongholds.

Back to Grading
Interview
S10

Conduct tactical patrols.

Back to Grading
Interview
S11

Indicate targets by judging distance and range cards.

Back to Grading
Interview
S12

Navigate using recognised methods, across varying terrains by day and night.

Back to Grading
Interview
S13

Conduct sentry duties within a tactical location.

Back to Grading
Interview
S14

Communicate effectively, through tactical hand signals.

Back to Grading
Interview
S15

Send and receive messages using in-service portable radios.

Back to Grading
Interview
S16

Drill movements; Dress for the event, perform foot and arms drill, show respect and courtesy to visitors.

Back to Grading
Interview
S17

Use physical resources as not to cause injury to self or others

Back to Grading
Interview
S18

Show how to prepare and maintain operational equipment and resources, ancillaries, ammunition and pyrotechnics.

Back to Grading
Practical Skills Assessment
S19

Show understanding of Individual Weapons, purposes and characteristics.

Back to Grading
Practical Skills Assessment
S20

Show how to operate weapons and remedy malfunctions.

Back to Grading
Practical Skills Assessment
Behaviour Assessment methods
B1

Commitment to Diversity and Inclusion, understanding other cultures, adopting a fair and ethical approach in the way you treat others.

Back to Grading
Interview
B2

Use appropriate behaviour with a range of people including colleagues, and managers. Recognise rank structure and act appropriately.

Back to Grading
Interview
B3

Adapt to a strong work ethic; reliable, punctual, diligent and flexible, in changing working environments and situations.

Back to Grading
Interview
B4

Account for actions, personal, professional equipment and understand impacts of poor accountability as well as its effects in the workplace.

Back to Grading
Interview
B5

Be motivated individually and as a team member, show you are adaptable in the role.

Back to Grading
Interview
B6

Adopt appropriate performance and initiative traits, as behaviour minimal standard.

Back to Grading
Interview

Mapping of KSBs to grade themes

Practical Skills Assessment - PracticalAssessment

KSBS GROUPED BY THEME Knowledge Skills Behaviour
Weapon Maintenance

S2 S18

N/A

Carry out safe working practices using the individual personal weapon. (S2)

Show how to prepare and maintain operational equipment and resources, ancillaries, ammunition and pyrotechnics. (S18)

N/A

Weapon Preparation and Use
K2
S1 S7 S19 S20

Weapon cleaning regimes in different environments. (K2)

Take responsibility for effective performance within their role. (S1)

Use and maintain personal safety and specialist equipment. (S7)

Show understanding of Individual Weapons, purposes and characteristics. (S19)

Show how to operate weapons and remedy malfunctions. (S20)

N/A

Interview - Discussion

KSBS GROUPED BY THEME Knowledge Skills Behaviour
Health and safety
K9
S3 S17
B5

Hazards, risks and control measures across a range of situations military and civilian. (K9)

Operate safely and effectively in emergency situations. (S3)

Use physical resources as not to cause injury to self or others (S17)

Be motivated individually and as a team member, show you are adaptable in the role. (B5)

Maintenance of self and equipment
K7 K8 K10

B1 B4

The importance of maintaining physical and mental wellbeing, maintaining relevant levels of physical fitness, seeking advice on improvements to physical fitness and management with injuries. (K7)

Good practice in nutrition, health and hygiene. (K8)

Understand personal and specialist resource management, dress codes, maintain own equipment in line with regulations. (K10)

N/A

Commitment to Diversity and Inclusion, understanding other cultures, adopting a fair and ethical approach in the way you treat others. (B1)

Account for actions, personal, professional equipment and understand impacts of poor accountability as well as its effects in the workplace. (B4)

Navigation and mapping
K5
S12

Navigation and map reading, across all terrains in urban and rural environments, by day and night. (K5)

Navigate using recognised methods, across varying terrains by day and night. (S12)

N/A

Marksmanship
K1

Understand marksmanship principles, ammunition types and storage requirements. (K1)

N/A

N/A

First Aid
K6
S5
B6

How to carry out treatment to casualty, elementary life support and casualty handling, including battlefield casualty evacuation (CASEVAC principles). Asset deployment affecting teams and the importance of clear communications. (K6)

Apply First Aid to minor and major injuries. (S5)

Adopt appropriate performance and initiative traits, as behaviour minimal standard. (B6)

Hazardous environments
K13 K14
S4

Environmental impact of military training and how to improve practices to benefit the environment. (K13)

How to use individual protective equipment in Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear environments. (K14)

Operate within hazardous environments using Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear individual protective equipment. (S4)

N/A

Operational activities
K3 K4 K12
S6 S8 S9 S10 S11 S13 S16
B3

Appropriate methods of Operations Preparation, including the NATO sequence of orders, and preparation for battle procedures. (K3)

The principles of Service Law and the Law of Armed Conflict. (K4)

Understand the principles and practices of simple and complex drill movements for Parades and Special Events. (K12)

Use fieldcraft techniques to camouflage and conceal self, equipment and location. (S6)

Operate tactically in open country and wooded areas without being seen or heard. (S8)

Occupy tactical locations by constructing strongholds. (S9)

Conduct tactical patrols. (S10)

Indicate targets by judging distance and range cards. (S11)

Conduct sentry duties within a tactical location. (S13)

Drill movements; Dress for the event, perform foot and arms drill, show respect and courtesy to visitors. (S16)

Adapt to a strong work ethic; reliable, punctual, diligent and flexible, in changing working environments and situations. (B3)

Communication
K11
S14 S15
B2

Asset deployment affecting teams and the importance of clear communications. (K11)

Communicate effectively, through tactical hand signals. (S14)

Send and receive messages using in-service portable radios. (S15)

Use appropriate behaviour with a range of people including colleagues, and managers. Recognise rank structure and act appropriately. (B2)

Contact us about this apprenticeship

Employers involved in creating the standard: Army Headquarters, British Army, Commando Training Centre Royal Marines, Infantry, Royal Air Force Regiment, Royal Armoured Corps, Royal Marines, Royal Navy.

Version log

Version Change detail Earliest start date Latest start date Latest end date
Revised version awaiting implementation In revision 05/01/2023 Not set Not set
1.0 Approved for delivery 10/06/2016 04/01/2023 Not set

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