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Sports turf operative

This is not the latest approved version of this apprenticeship. View the latest version

This apprenticeship is in revision

Key information

  1. Status: In development
  2. Ticked Proposal approved
    Ticked Occupational standard approved
    Ticked End-point assessment plan approved
  3. Reference: ST0210
  4. Level: 2
  5. Typical duration to gateway: 18 months
  6. Typical EPA period: 3 months
  7. Maximum funding: £6000
  8. Route: Agriculture, environmental and animal care
  9. Date updated: 02/12/2022
  10. Lars code: 145
  11. EQA provider: Ofqual
  12. Review:

    This apprenticeship standard will be reviewed after three years

Print occupational standard

Details of the occupational standard

Occupation summary

This occupation is found in a wide range of different sports and venues, for example, athletics, bowls, cricket, croquet, football, hockey, equestrian, rugby league and union, and tennis. The role will primarily be carried out in an outdoors environment and sites will range from general grass root sports surfaces, sports clubs, schools, up to international stadiums and training facilities. Employing organisations may be of varying sizes depending on the geographical coverage of the organisation. However, sports turf operatives are required in all locations. Employers vary from small niche organisations to larger ones including Local Authorities and professional facilities.

The broad purpose of the occupation is to assist in the day-to-day preparation, maintenance, and upkeep of grounds and sports pitches to the highest possible standards. This includes both public and private sports facilities that are available for use at all levels from grass roots to professional sport and ensures facilities are available to support the Government policy of increasing physical activity. A sports turf operative will assist in various tasks including the preparing and renovation of sports surfaces, creating, marking out, and preparing sports turf playing surfaces for use, and will use machinery and equipment when required. They will also apply irrigation to sports turf surfaces and ensure maintenance of drainage. They ensure that safe working practices and health and safety legislation and regulations are complied with at all times.

These will all be done whilst ensuring carrying out safe working practices at all times and ensuring health and safety legislation and guidance is adhered to. Most of the work will be done in an outdoor environment, and duties will depend on the seasonality of the relevant sports throughout the year. There may be a requirement to work additional hours leading up to the start of a season or event.

In their daily work, an employee in this occupation interacts with colleagues within their respective Grounds Maintenance department including a higher-level manager who they would report to. They would also liaise with other employees at their establishment of work such as maintenance staff, gardeners, or estate workers. They may also be required to have some customer-facing tasks dealing with members of the public, sports personnel, players, or coaching staff.

An employee in this occupation will be responsible for reporting to their appropriate line manager to ensure they can carry out their own work to specific plans and within agreed deadlines. They are required to ensure all their actions are carried out in line with current health and safety legislation. They are also responsible for the maintenance, renovation, and overall appearance of one or more sports turf surfaces in accordance with the needs of the particular sport. Maintaining an appropriate quality playing surface that reflects the carrying capacity of that surface to ensure that a sustainable playing surface is provided.

Typical job titles include:

Groundskeeper Groundsperson Sports turf operative

Occupation duties

Duty KSBs

Duty 1 Undertake routine grounds preparation, maintenance, renovation, and general upkeep of all sports turf surfaces (e.g. natural turf, hybrid turf, artificial turf).

K1 K3 K5 K8 K11 K13 K15 K16 K17 K18

S1 S5 S7 S8 S9 S11 S13

B1 B2 B3 B4 B6

Duty 2 Prepare a surface for play in line with the relevant rules of each sport's national governing bodies.

K2 K5 K6 K8 K9 K10 K11 K15 K16

S1 S2 S6 S7 S12

B3

Duty 3 Prepare and establish ground for grassed areas for sport.

K2 K4 K5 K6 K9 K10 K11 K13 K15 K16

S1 S6 S7 S12

B3

Duty 4 Use machinery, equipment, and vehicles in accordance with organisational requirements, manufacturers’ instructions and Health and Safety legislation.

K3

S9

B3

Duty 5 Identify and communicate faults with equipment and machinery to relevant personnel.

K1 K3

S3 S10 S11

B3 B4 B6

Duty 6 Maintain the cleanliness of machinery, equipment, sports grounds, and work areas.

K3

S3

B3

Duty 7 Ensure a safe working environment and the adoption of safe working practices.

K1 K3 K11 K12

S9 S10

B1 B3 B5

Duty 8 Assist with the movement of equipment and materials, and their installation around the sports ground and playing areas.

K3

S3

Duty 9 Maintain effectiveness of sports turf irrigation and drainage systems.

K4 K9 K11 K14

S4

B4

Duty 10 Dispose of waste in accordance with organisational procedures, legal requirements and taking into account environmental sustainability.

K12

S14

Duty 11 Identify and communicate incidence of sports turf weeds, pests, diseases, and disorders.

K4 K6 K7 K9 K13 K19

S5 S10 S12

B3 B6

Duty 12 Use integrated prevention and control methods to reduce the incidence of diseases, disorders, pests and weeds on turf.

K4 K6 K9 K13 K19

S1 S5 S11 S12

B4

Duty 13 Mark out playing surfaces (including arcs and squaring off using the 3-4-5 method).

K8 K15

S2


KSBs

Knowledge

K1: Environmental, health, and safety legislation and regulations (e.g. Health and Safety at Work Act, Control of Substances Hazardous to Health, principles of risk assessment). Back to Duty

K2: Governing body rules and regulations relevant to the particular sports turf surfaces. Back to Duty

K3: Materials, tools, equipment and machinery used in maintenance and renovation activities. Back to Duty

K4: Soils structure and texture (including amended rootzones and top dressings). Back to Duty

K5: Sports turf reinforcement methods (including hybrid surfaces) and artificial turf materials. Back to Duty

K6: Common names of turf-grasses (vegetative and seed). (Including, perennial ryegrass, smooth stalk meadow grass, annual meadow grass, fescue grass (fine), bent grass). Back to Duty

K7: Common threats to turf health :- Weeds: Daisy, Dandelion, Yarrow, Mosses, Procumbent pearlwort, White clover, Greater (Broad leaved) plantain, Ribwort (Narrow leaved) plantain, Knotgrass, Creeping buttercup, Creeping cinquefoil, Slender speedwell Pests: Cockchafer grub, Earthworm, Leatherjacket grub, Nematode Diseases: Anthracnose, Leaf Spot, Fairy rings - (Type 1 or Type 2 or Type 3) – (acceptable example of a correct Genus name only required, e.g. Type 1: Marasmius spp; Type 2: Lycoperdon spp; Type 3: Hygrophorus spp), Microdochium (Fusarium) patch, Red thread, Take-all patch. Turf disorders: Fertiliser scorch, Hydraulic oil scorch, Black layer, Drought. Back to Duty

K8: Processes for setting up sports turf surfaces in line with relevant governing body requirements (including line marking, the 3-4-5 squaring technique, and marking arcs and semi-circles). Back to Duty

K9: The principles of plant science (including photosynthesis, respiration and transpiration in the growth and development of plants). Back to Duty

K10: The principles of plant nutrition and impact on sustainability (including Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Magnesium, Sulphur, Iron). Back to Duty

K11: The impact of climate, weather and ground conditions on the maintenance and use of sports turf surfaces. Back to Duty

K12: Different methods to sustainably and safely dispose of waste to minimise and reduce environmental impacts. Back to Duty

K13: Methods to assess the condition of sports turf surfaces (including thatch content, root depth, uniformity of cover, weed/pest/disease content). Back to Duty

K14: The principles of sports turf irrigation and drainage systems (including layouts, components, and basic maintenance). Back to Duty

K15: How to calibrate equipment to apply a range of materials associated with sports turf surfaces (e.g. grass seed, granular fertilisers, bulky top-dressing, turf and root zone). Back to Duty

K16: Maintenance operations required to ensure the quality of sports turf surfaces. Back to Duty

K17: Operations and techniques required for general day-to-day maintenance of sports turf surfaces. Back to Duty

K18: Operations and techniques required to repair damaged sports turf surfaces . Back to Duty

K19: The application of integrated prevention and control methods to reduce the threat to sports turf health (e.g. weeds, pests, diseases, disorders). Back to Duty

Skills

S1: Apply the correct rates and range of materials to sports turf surfaces (e.g. grass seed, granular fertilisers, bulky top-dressing, turf and root zone). Back to Duty

S2: Set and mark out the sports turf surface in accordance with the relevant governing body rules (including line marking, the 3-4-5 squaring technique, and marking arcs and semi-circles). Back to Duty

S3: Prepare machinery and equipment to ensure their safe and effective use when carrying out sport turf tasks. Back to Duty

S4: Maintain levels of soil moisture using either irrigation or drainage systems. Back to Duty

S5: Inspect the condition of sports turf, make observations and communicate findings (e.g. PQS, weeds, pests, diseases, thatch content). Back to Duty

S6: Prepare the ground and established grass areas as part of sports turf renovation tasks (e.g. overseeding, turfing). Back to Duty

S7: Carry out cylinder mowing of sports turf surface(s) in accordance with set requirements. Back to Duty

S8: Carry out repair of sports turf surfaces using relevant equipment and machinery (e.g. divot repair, foot hole repair, animal damage). Back to Duty

S9: Prepare and safely operate a tractor and it's attachments (including non-mowing attachments). Back to Duty

S10: Select and use relevant communication styles (e.g. verbal, written, digital) to convey information to different audiences (e.g. clients, staff, suppliers). Back to Duty

S11: Adopts a systematic approach to troubleshooting and solving day-to-day resource or equipment issues. Back to Duty

S12: Identify a range of turf grasses (vegetative and seed). (Including, perennial ryegrass smooth stalk meadow grass, annual meadow grass, fescue grass (fine), bent grass). Back to Duty

S13: Carry out maintenance of sports turf surface using relevant equipment and machinery (including scarification, and aeration). Back to Duty

S14: Dispose of waste in a safe and sustainable manner. Back to Duty

Behaviours

B1: A strong work ethic including attention to detail and good time management. Back to Duty

B2: Flexible and positive attitude to work. Back to Duty

B3: Takes ownership of own work. Back to Duty

B4: Committed to keeping up to date with industry best practice. Back to Duty

B5: Possess a safety mindset for self, colleagues and others. Back to Duty

B6: Team focused and works effectively with colleagues and others. Back to Duty


Qualifications

English and Maths

English and maths qualifications form a mandatory part of all apprenticeships and must be completed before an apprentice can pass through gateway. The requirements are detailed in the current version of the apprenticeship funding rules.

Print EPA plan

End-point assessment plan

Introduction and overview

This document explains the requirements for end-point assessment (EPA) for the sports turf operative apprenticeship. End-point assessment organisations (EPAOs) must follow this when designing and delivering the EPA.

Sports turf operative apprentices, their employers and training providers should read this document.

An approved EPAO must conduct the EPA for this apprenticeship. Employers must select an approved EPAO from the Education and Skills Funding Agency’s Register of end-point assessment organisations (RoEPAO).

A full-time apprentice typically spends 18 months on-programme (this means in training before the gateway) working towards competence as a sports turf operative. All apprentices must spend at least 12 months on-programme. All apprentices must complete the required amount of off-the-job training specified by the apprenticeship funding rules.

This EPA has 4 assessment methods.

The grades available for each assessment method are:

Assessment method 1 - multiple choice knowledge test paper a:

  • fail
  • pass
  • distinction

Assessment method 2 - multiple choice knowledge test paper b:

  • fail
  • pass
  • distinction

Assessment method 3 - practical assessment with questions:

  • fail
  • pass
  • distinction

Assessment method 4 - professional discussion supported by a portfolio and a supplementary questions and answers session during a facility walk:

  • fail
  • pass
  • distinction

The result from each assessment method is combined to decide the overall apprenticeship grade. The following grades are available for the apprenticeship:

  • fail
  • pass
  • merit
  • distinction

EPA summary table

On-programme (typically 18 months)
The apprentice must complete training to develop the knowledge, skills and behaviours (KSBs) of the occupational standard.

The apprentice must complete training towards English and maths qualifications in line with the apprenticeship funding rules.

The apprentice must compile a portfolio of evidence.

End-point assessment gateway
The employer must be content that the apprentice is working at or above the occupational standard.

The apprentice’s employer must confirm that they think the apprentice:

  • is working at or above the occupational standard as a sports turf operative
  • has the evidence required to pass the gateway and is ready to take the EPA

The apprentice must have achieved English and maths qualifications in line with the apprenticeship funding rules.

For the professional discussion supported by a portfolio and a supplementary questions and answers session during a facility walk the apprentice must submit a portfolio of evidence.

The apprentice must submit any policies and procedures as requested by the EPAO.

End-point assessment (typically 3 months)
Grades available for each assessment method:

Multiple choice knowledge test paper A

  • fail
  • pass
  • distinction

Multiple choice knowledge test paper B

  • fail
  • pass
  • distinction

Practical assessment with questions

  • fail
  • pass
  • distinction

Professional discussion supported by a portfolio and a supplementary questions and answers session during a facility walk

  • fail
  • pass
  • distinction

Overall EPA and apprenticeship can be graded:

    • fail
    • pass
    • merit
    • distinction
Re-sits and re-takes



  • Re-take and re-sit grade cap: pass
  • Re-sit timeframe: typically 2 months
  • Re-take timeframe: typically 3 months

Duration of end-point assessment period

The EPA is taken in the EPA period. The EPA period starts when the EPAO confirms the gateway requirements have been met and is typically 3 months.

The expectation is that the EPAO will confirm the gateway requirements have been met and the EPA starts as quickly as possible.

EPA gateway

The apprentice’s employer must confirm that they think their apprentice is working at or above the occupational standard. The apprentice will then enter the gateway. The employer may take advice from the apprentice's training provider(s), but the employer must make the decision.

The apprentice must meet the gateway requirements before starting their EPA.

These are:

  • achieved English and maths qualifications in line with the apprenticeship funding rules.
  • for the professional discussion supported by a portfolio and a supplementary questions and answers session during a facility walk the apprentice must submit: portfolio of evidence

Portfolio of evidence requirements:

The apprentice must compile a portfolio of evidence during the on-programme period of the apprenticeship. It should only contain evidence related to the KSBs that will be assessed by this assessment method. It will typically contain 15 discrete pieces of evidence. Evidence must be mapped against the KSBs. Evidence may be used to demonstrate more than one KSB; a qualitative as opposed to quantitative approach is suggested.

Evidence sources may include:

  • workplace documentation and records, for example:
  • workplace policies and procedures
  • witness statements
  • annotated photographs
  • video clips (maximum total duration 10 minutes); the apprentice must be in view and identifiable

This is not a definitive list; other evidence sources can be included.

The portfolio of evidence should not include reflective accounts or any methods of self-assessment. Any employer contributions should focus on direct observation of performance (for example, witness statements) rather than opinions. The evidence provided should be valid and attributable to the apprentice; the portfolio of evidence should contain a statement from the employer and apprentice confirming this.

The EPAO should not assess the portfolio of evidence directly as it underpins the discussion . The independent assessor should review the portfolio of evidence to prepare questions for the discussion. They are not required to provide feedback after this review.

The apprentice must submit any policies and procedures as requested by the EPAO.

Order of assessment methods

The assessment methods can be delivered in any order.

The result of one assessment method does not need to be known before starting the next.

Multiple choice knowledge test paper A

Overview

A test is an assessment for asking questions in a controlled and invigilated environment.

Rationale

This assessment method is being used because it:

  • tests essential knowledge recall required for the occupation, particularly health and safety aspects
  • ensures consistency and enables direct comparisons between apprentices
  • is reliable and affordable to deliver and mark

Delivery

This method must be appropriately structured to give the apprentice the opportunity to demonstrate the KSBs mapped to this assessment method to the highest available grade.

The multiple choice knowledge test paper a can be computer or paper based.

The multiple choice knowledge test paper a will consist of 30 multiple-choice questions.

Multiple-choice questions will have four options, including one correct answer.

The apprentice must be given at least 14 days notice of the date and time of the multiple choice knowledge test paper a.

Test administration

The apprentice must have 45 minutes to complete the test.

The multiple choice knowledge test paper a is closed book which means that the apprentice cannot refer to reference books or materials whilst taking the test.

The multiple choice knowledge test paper a must be taken in the presence of an invigilator who is the responsibility of the EPAO. Specialised (proctor) software can be used if the test can be taken on-line, to ensure the security of the test.

The EPAO must have an invigilation policy setting out how the multiple choice knowledge test paper a must be conducted. It must state the ratio of apprentices to invigilators for the setting and allow the test to take place in a secure way.

The EPAO must verify the identity of the apprentice.

The EPAO is responsible for the security of the multiple choice knowledge test paper a including the arrangements for on-line testing. The EPAO must ensure that their security arrangements maintain the validity and reliability of the multiple choice knowledge test paper a.

Marking

The multiple choice knowledge test paper a must be marked by independent assessors or markers employed by the EPAO. They must follow a marking scheme produced by the EPAO. Marking by computer is allowed where question types support this.

A correct answer gets 1 mark.

Any incorrect or missing answers get zero marks.

The EPAO is responsible for overseeing the marking of the multiple choice knowledge test paper a. The EPAO must ensure standardisation and moderation of written response test.

Assessment location

The apprentices must take the multiple choice knowledge test paper a in a suitably controlled and invigilated environment that is a quiet room, free from distractions and influence. The EPAO must check the venue is suitable.

The multiple choice knowledge test paper a could take place remotely if the appropriate technology and systems are in place to prevent malpractice. The EPAO must verify the apprentice’s identity and ensure invigilation of the apprentice for example with, and not limited to, 360-degree cameras and screen sharing facilities.

Question and resource development

The EPAO must write a test specification and question bank. The specification must be relevant to the occupation and demonstrate how to assess the KSBs mapped to this assessment method. It is recommended this is done in consultation with employers of this occupation. The EPAO should maintain the security and confidentiality of EPA materials when consulting employers. The questions must be unpredictable. A question bank of sufficient size will support this. The test specification and questions must be reviewed at least once a year to ensure they remain fit-for-purpose.

The EPAO must develop purpose-built question banks and ensure that appropriate quality assurance procedures are in place, for example, considering previous item performance data, item analysis, standardisation, training and moderation. EPAOs must ensure that questions are refined and developed to a high standard.

The EPAO must ensure that apprentice has a different set of questions in the case of re-sits or re-takes.

The EPAO must produce the following materials to support the multiple choice knowledge test paper a:

  • independent assessor assessment materials which include:
    • training materials
    • administration materials
    • guidance materials
    • grading guidance
    • test specification
    • sample test and mark schemes
    • live tests and mark schemes
    • question bank
  • EPA guidance for the apprentice and the employer

Multiple choice knowledge test paper B

Overview

A test is an assessment for asking questions in a controlled and invigilated environment.

Rationale

This assessment method is being used because it:

  • tests essential knowledge recall of weeds, pests, diseases and disorders required for the occupation
  • ensures consistency and enables direct comparisons between apprentices
  • is reliable and affordable to deliver and mark

The scope of the paper will cover the 'common names' only for:

Weeds

1. Daisy

2. Dandelion

3. Yarrow

4. Mosses

5. Procumbent pearlwort

6. White clover

7. Greater (Broad leaved) plantain

8. Ribwort (Narrow leaved) plantain

9. Knotgrass

10. Creeping buttercup

11. Creeping cinquefoil

12. Slender speedwell

Turf Pests

1. Cockchafer grub (Insect)

2. Earthworm

3. Leatherjacket grub

4. Nematode

Diseases

1. Anthracnose (Basal Rot)

2. Leaf Spot

3. Fairy rings - (Type 1 or Type 2 or Type 3) – (acceptable example of a correct Genus name only required, e.g. Type 1: Marasmius spp; Type 2: Lycoperdon spp; Type 3: Hygrophorus spp).

4. Microdochium (Fusarium) patch

5. Red thread

6. Take-all patch

Turf Disorders

1. Fertiliser scorch

2. Hydraulic oil scorch

3. Black layer

4. Drought.

The test must contain questions on weeds, turf pests, diseases, and turf disorders. .

Delivery

This method must be appropriately structured to give the apprentice the opportunity to demonstrate the KSBs mapped to this assessment method to the highest available grade.

The multiple choice knowledge test paper b can be computer or paper based.

The multiple choice knowledge test paper b will consist of 20 multiple-choice questions.

Multiple-choice questions will have four options, including one correct answer.

The apprentice must be given at least 14 days notice of the date and time of the multiple choice knowledge test paper b.

Test administration

The apprentice must have 25 minutes to complete the test.

The multiple choice knowledge test paper b is closed book which means that the apprentice cannot refer to reference books or materials whilst taking the test.

The multiple choice knowledge test paper b must be taken in the presence of an invigilator who is the responsibility of the EPAO. Specialised (proctor) software can be used if the test can be taken on-line, to ensure the security of the test.

The EPAO must have an invigilation policy setting out how the multiple choice knowledge test paper b must be conducted. It must state the ratio of apprentices to invigilators for the setting and allow the test to take place in a secure way.

The EPAO must verify the identity of the apprentice.

The EPAO is responsible for the security of the multiple choice knowledge test paper b including the arrangements for on-line testing. The EPAO must ensure that their security arrangements maintain the validity and reliability of the multiple choice knowledge test paper b.

Marking

The multiple choice knowledge test paper b must be marked by independent assessors or markers employed by the EPAO. They must follow a marking scheme produced by the EPAO. Marking by computer is allowed where question types support this.

A correct answer gets 1 mark.

Any incorrect or missing answers get zero marks.

The EPAO is responsible for overseeing the marking of the multiple choice knowledge test paper b. The EPAO must ensure standardisation and moderation of written response test.

Assessment location

The apprentices must take the multiple choice knowledge test paper b in a suitably controlled and invigilated environment that is a quiet room, free from distractions and influence. The EPAO must check the venue is suitable.

The multiple choice knowledge test paper b could take place remotely if the appropriate technology and systems are in place to prevent malpractice. The EPAO must verify the apprentice’s identity and ensure invigilation of the apprentice for example with, and not limited to, 360-degree cameras and screen sharing facilities.

Question and resource development

The EPAO must write a test specification and question bank. The specification must be relevant to the occupation and demonstrate how to assess the KSBs mapped to this assessment method. It is recommended this is done in consultation with employers of this occupation. The EPAO should maintain the security and confidentiality of EPA materials when consulting employers. The questions must be unpredictable. A question bank of sufficient size will support this. The test specification and questions must be reviewed at least once a year to ensure they remain fit-for-purpose.

The EPAO must develop purpose-built question banks and ensure that appropriate quality assurance procedures are in place, for example, considering previous item performance data, item analysis, standardisation, training and moderation. EPAOs must ensure that questions are refined and developed to a high standard.

The EPAO must ensure that apprentice has a different set of questions in the case of re-sits or re-takes.

The EPAO must produce the following materials to support the multiple choice knowledge test paper b:

  • independent assessor assessment materials which include:
    • training materials
    • administration materials
    • guidance materials
    • grading guidance
    • test specification
    • sample test and mark schemes
    • live tests and mark schemes
    • question bank
  • EPA guidance for the apprentice and the employer

Practical assessment with questions

Overview

In a practical assessment, the independent assessor observes the apprentice completing a task or series of tasks set by the EPAO. The EPAO decides where it takes place. The test environment must closely relate to the apprentice’s natural working environment. This allows the apprentice to demonstrate the KSBs mapped to this assessment.

The practical assessment and responses to questions must be assessed holistically by the independent assessor when they are deciding the grade.

Rationale

This assessment method is being used because:

  • these are critical practical tasks required to be carried out by a sports turf operative
  • an observation of everyday duties would not be possible as these tasks would be unlikely to occur on the same day
  • the questioning allows underpinning knowledge and understanding to be assessed
  • the method enables synoptic assessment of knowledge, skills and behaviours
  • it enables practical tasks to be tested in a simulated environment and provides confidence for employers that competence has been tested

Delivery

The practical assessment with questions must be structured to give the apprentice the opportunity to demonstrate the KSBs mapped to this assessment method to the highest available grade.

The independent assessor conducts and assesses the practical assessment with questions.

The independent assessor must only observe one apprentice to ensure quality and rigour they must be as unobtrusive as possible.

The EPAO must give an apprentice 14 days notice of the . practical assessment with questions

The practical assessment with questions must take 3 hours and 15 minutes.

The independent assessor can increase the time of the practical assessment with questions by up to 10%. This time is to allow the apprentice to complete a task or respond to a question if necessary.

The practical assessment with questions cannot be split, other than for comfort breaks or to allow apprentices to move from one location to another. Where breaks occur, they will not count towards the total EPA time.

EPAOs must manage invigilation of the apprentice during the assessment and maintain security of the EPA, in line with their malpractice policy. This includes breaks and moving between locations during the working day.

The independent assessor must explain to the apprentice the format and timescales of the practical assessment with questions before it begins. This does not count towards the assessment time.

The independent assessor should observe the following during the practical assessment.

task 1

calibrate and apply one material to a sports turf surface

  • the material will be decided by the epao in conjunction with the employer
  • the application should be over a surface area of typically 100 metres squared
  • this task should typically take 45 minutes

task 2

set up and mow sports turf to specification using a cylinder mower

  • the apprentice must show they can mow sports turf
  • mowing should be carried out using a pedestrian or ride-on cylinder mower. this will be determined by the epao in conjunction with the employer.
  • if the task involves the use of pedestrian-powered machinery it should typically cover an area of 100 metres squared
  • if the task involves the use of ride-on machinery it should typically cover an area of 300 metres squared
  • these tasks should typically take 60 minutes in total.

task 3

prepare, operate and use a non-mowing attachment on a tractor (including a 3 point linkage and trailed implement)

  • the apprentice should prepare the tractor in a safe manner
  • they need to reverse the tractor to a non-mowing attachment
  • they need to hitch the attachment to the tractor
  • they need to reverse the tractor and trailed implement around a corner
  • they need to operate the tractor and move it into a position where they would start an activity
  • they then need to reverse the process and move the tractor back to its initial position and ensure the attachment is removed in a safe manner
  • this task will typically take 45 minutes

task 4

set and mark out a sports turf surface (this does not have to be a full sports field).

  • the apprentice will need to show how they can square off using the 3-4-5 method
  • mark out a relevant section of a sports playing surface
  • mark out an arc or semi arc
  • this task will typically take 45 minutes

These activities provide the apprentice with the opportunity to demonstrate the KSBs mapped to this assessment method.

Questions must be asked to assess and confirm knowledge and understanding of the apprentice and ensure full coverage of the KSBs. Questions can be asked during the practical assessments. The time for questioning is included in the overall assessment time. The independent assessor must ask at least 4 questions for tasks 1 to 4 (at least 1 for each task). Follow-up questions are allowed to check further understanding and for clarification. Follow-up questions may be developed by the independent assessor.

The independent assessor can ask questions to clarify answers given by the apprentice. These questions are in addition to the above set number of questions for the practical assessment with questions and should be kept to a minimum.

The independent assessor must record the KSBs observed, KSBs demonstrated in answers to questions and the grade achieved. The apprentice’s answers to questions must also be recorded.

The independent assessor makes all grading decisions.

Assessment location

The practical assessment with questions will take place in a simulated environment selected by the EPAO (for example the EPAO’s or employer’s premises). The simulated environment must relate to the apprentice’s natural work environment. Equipment and resources needed for the practical assessment with questions must be provided by the EPAO, who can liaise with the employer to provide these.

Additional venue requirements that must be in place include:

  • the venue must have sufficient space to enable the tasks to be carried out. the sports turf must be free of markings prior to task 4 being carried out.

Question and resource development

The EPAO must write an assessment specification and question bank. The specification must be relevant to the occupation and demonstrate how to assess the KSBs mapped to this assessment method. It is recommended this is done in consultation with employers of this occupation. EPAOs should maintain the security and confidentiality of EPA materials when consulting employers. The questions must be unpredictable. A question bank of sufficient size will support this. The assessment specification and questions must be reviewed at least once a year to ensure they remain fit-for-purpose.

The EPAO must develop purpose-built question banks and ensure that appropriate quality assurance procedures are in place. For example, considering standardisation, training and moderation. The EPAO must ensure that questions are refined and developed to a high standard.

The EPAO must ensure that the apprentice has a different set of questions in the case of re-sits or re-takes.

The EPAO must produce the following materials to support the practical assessment with questions:

  • independent assessor assessment materials which include:
    • training materials
    • administration materials
    • moderation and standardisation materials
    • guidance materials
    • grading guidance
    • question bank
  • EPA guidance for the apprentice and the employer

Professional discussion supported by a portfolio and a supplementary questions and answers session during a facility walk

Overview

In the discussion, an independent assessor and apprentice have a formal two-way conversation.

The apprentice can refer to and illustrate their answers with evidence from their portfolio of evidence. It gives the apprentice the opportunity to demonstrate their competency across the KSBs mapped to this EPA method.

Rationale

This assessment method is being used because it:

  • allows the holistic assessment of KSBs
  • enables the independent assessor to draw on examples of work carried out by the apprentice
  • the use of the portfolio followed by questioning during a facilities walk will assist the candidate to amplify their examples and to demonstrate the work carried out
  • the assessor will be able to test underpinning knowledge and understanding
  • will enable the consistent assessment of activities that might be carried out in different seasons
  • enables criteria to be assessed that would not occur regularly or would take too long to observe

Delivery

The professional discussion must be structured to give the apprentice the opportunity to demonstrate the KSBs mapped to this assessment method to the highest available grade.

An independent assessor must conduct and assess the professional discussion.

The purpose of the independent assessor's questions will be to test knowledge and understanding of the themes mapped to this method.

The professional discussion supported with a portfolio and the supplementary questions then carried out during a facility walk will last 60 minutes in total and consist of 2 parts.

The first part will take place in a room free from distractions and the second part (supplementary questions and answers) will take place alongside a facility walk. Travel time between locations will not count towards the total duration; the clock will be stopped. This length of time should allow for all relevant parts of the facility to be visited.

The independent assessor will determine an outline of the areas of the facility they need to visit following part 1.

Part 1

In the first 20 minutes of the assessment, the independent assessor will conduct the discussion in a room free from distractions and allow the apprentice to refer to their portfolio. They will also agree on a route through the facility in the preparation for the supplementary questions carried out during a facility walk.

Part 2

The Independent Assessor will then ask supplementary questions whilst walking around the pre-selected areas of the facility on a one-to-one basis with the apprentice (it is not necessary to visit the whole facility). This will last 40 minutes.

Part 1 and part 2 will cover the following 4 distinct work themes/ discussion points in total.

The apprentice is required to identify 5 grass types during part 1 of the professional discussion. Follow-up questions relating to grass types may also be asked during part 2 of the professional discussion (the apprentice may be asked to identify venue-specific grasses during the facility walk).

1. Maintenance, renovation, and repair - they will discuss how they have prepared ground and established grassed areas for sport (e.g. overseeding or turfing) as well as how they have carried out the repair of the sports turf surface.

2. Inspect a sports turf surface - they will need to identify the relevant turfgrasses, discuss the status and condition of the surface, and highlight any issues or areas of work they have previously carried out on that turf. They will provide the assessor with observations regarding weeds, pests, diseases, etc and relate this to the relevant KSB's

3. Irrigation and drainage - the candidate will be expected to explain any activity within their portfolio that they have carried out on the irrigation and drainage system, discuss the layout and purpose of the system, and how to apply techniques to use it effectively.

4. Grass types - identification of 5 grass types, including:

  • perennial ryegrass
  • smooth stalk meadow grass
  • annual meadow grass
  • fescue grass (fine)
  • bent grass

The EPAO must give an apprentice 14 days notice of the professional discussion.

The independent assessor must have at least 7 days to review the supporting documentation.

The apprentice must have access to their portfolio of evidence during the professional discussion.

The apprentice can refer to and illustrate their answers with evidence from their portfolio of evidence however the portfolio of evidence is not directly assessed.

The professional discussion must last for 60 minutes. The independent assessor can increase the time of the professional discussion by up to 10%. This time is to allow the apprentice to respond to a question if necessary.

The independent assessor must ask at least 12 questions. Follow-up questions are allowed where clarification is required. The independent assessor must use the questions from their EPAO’s question bank or create their own questions in-line with the EPAO’s training.

The independent assessor must make the grading decision. The independent assessor must keep accurate records of the assessment. They must record:

  • the apprentice’s answers to questions
  • the KSBs demonstrated in answers to questions
  • the grade achieved 

Assessment location

The professional discussion must take place in a suitable venue selected by the EPAO (for example the EPAO’s or employer’s premises).

The professional discussion should take place in a quiet room, free from distractions and influence.

Question and resource development

The EPAO must develop a purpose-built assessment specification and question bank. It is recommended this is done in consultation with employers of this occupation. The EPAO should maintain the security and confidentiality of EPA materials when consulting employers. The assessment specification and question bank must be reviewed at least once a year to ensure they remain fit-for-purpose.  

The assessment specification must be relevant to the occupation and demonstrate how to assess the KSBs mapped to this assessment method. The EPAO must ensure that questions are refined and developed to a high standard. The questions must be unpredictable. A question bank of sufficient size will support this.

The EPAO must ensure that apprentice has a different set of questions in the case of re-sits or re-takes.

The EPAO must produce the following materials to support the professional discussion supported by a portfolio and a supplementary questions and answers session during a facility walk:

  • independent assessor assessment materials which include:
  • training materials
  • administration materials
  • moderation and standardisation materials
  • guidance materials
  • grading guidance
  • question bank
  • EPA guidance for the apprentice and the employer

The EPAO must ensure that the EPA materials are subject to quality assurance procedures including standardisation, training, and moderation.

Grading

Practical assessment with questions

Fail - does not meet pass criteria

Theme
KSBs
Pass
Apprentices must demonstrate all of the pass descriptors
Distinction
Apprentices must demonstrate all of the pass descriptors and all of the distinction descriptors
Application of a material within health and safety guidance
K15 S1

Demonstrates they can apply material(s) to a sports turf area, using the correct rates and appropriately calibrated equipment in accordance with the relevant sports rules. (K15, S1). 

 

Explains how they have calibrated equipment to apply material(s) associated with a range of sports turf surfaces (K15, S1)

Machinery and equipment
S3 S7 S9 B1 B5

Demonstrates a strong work ethic including attention to detail and good time management when preparing Prepares the equipment and carries out cylinder mowing of a sports turf surface(s) in accordance with health & safety considerations and set requirements (S3, S7, B1, B5).

Prepares and operates a tractor and attachments safely (including non-mowing attachments) (S9)

n/a

Setting out a playing area
K2 K8 S2

Demonstrates the setting out of a portion of a sports turf playing area according to the rules of that governing body. Marks out the surface using the 3-4-5 technique accurately to square off the area and also marks out a full semi-circle or arc to accurate specifications. (K2, K8, S2)

Explains the processes taken for setting up sports turf surfaces (including line marking, 3-4-5 squaring technique and marking arcs and semi-circles) and the potential negative impacts of not adhering to the relevant governing body requirements (K2, K8)

 

 

 

Professional discussion supported by a portfolio and a supplementary questions and answers session during a facility walk

Fail - does not meet pass criteria

Theme
KSBs
Pass
Apprentices must demonstrate all of the pass descriptors
Distinction
Apprentices must demonstrate all of the pass descriptors and all of the distinction descriptors
Maintenance, renovation and repair
K16 K17 K18 S6 S8 S11 S13 S14 B2

   

Describes how they carry out general day-to-day maintenance of a   sports turf surface using relevant equipment, machinery, operations and   techniques to ensure quality (including scarification and aeration) (K16,   K17, S13)

 

Explains how they prepare the ground and established grass areas as   part of turf renovation tasks to improve quality and sustainability (S6)

 

Describes how they carry out repair of sports turf surfaces using   relevant equipment, machinery, operations and techniques, and how they   dispose of waste in a safe and sustainable manner (K18, S8, S14)

 

Describes how they adopt a systematic approach to troubleshooting,   taking a positive and flexible approach to solving any resource or equipment   issues. (S11 B2)

 

Explains why maintenance operations are required to ensure the quality of sports turf surfaces and gives examples of how they have identified and addressed maintenance requirements (K16, S13)

 

Justifies operations and techniques used to repair damaged sports turf surfaces (K18, S8)

 

Sports turf health and condition
K13 S5 S10 B6

   

Describes the methods they use when inspecting and assessing all   aspects of the condition of sports turf (including thatch content, root   depth, uniformity of cover, weed/pest/disease content), and how they   communicate their observations to different audiences, using relevant communication   styles (K13, S5, S10)

 

Describes how they are team focused and work effectively with   colleagues and other (B6)

 

   

Describes recommendations they have made to improve the quality of the   sports turf after they have assessed its condition, justifying the suggested   methods and techniques that they would use to implement those improvements.   (K13, S5).

 

Irrigation and drainage
K14 S4 B3 B4

   

Explains how they maintain levels of soil moisture using either   irrigation or drainage systems and the principles that underpin their   approach (K14, S4)

 

Describes a time they have taken ownership of their own work and how they are committed to keeping up to date with industry   best practice. (B3, B4)

 

n/a

Grass types
K6 S12

Describes how they identify turf grasses (vegetative and seed), including perennial ryegrass, smooth stalk meadow grass, annual meadow grass, fescue grass (fine), and bent grass. (K6, S12).

 

 

n/a

Multiple choice knowledge test paper A

Grade Minimum marks required Maximum marks required
Fail 0 19
Pass 20 25
Distinction 26 30

Multiple choice knowledge test paper B

Grade Minimum marks required Maximum marks required
Fail 0 11
Pass 12 15
Distinction 16 20

Overall EPA grading

The assessment methods contribute equally to the overall EPA pass grade.

Performance in the EPA will determine the apprenticeship grade of:

    • fail
    • pass
    • merit
    • distinction

Independent assessors must individually grade the: practical assessment with questions and professional discussion supported by a portfolio and a supplementary questions and answers session during a facility walk according to the requirements set out in this EPA plan.

EPAOs must combine the individual assessment method grades to determine the overall EPA grade.

An apprentice who fails one or more assessment method will be awarded an overall EPA fail.

An apprentice must achieve at least a pass in all the assessment methods to get an overall pass. A merit will be awarded if the apprentice achieves 1 pass and 3 distinction grades over the 4 methods. An overall distinction will be awarded if the candidate achieves a distinction in all 4 methods.

Grades from individual assessment methods should be combined in the following way to determine the grade of the EPA overall.

Multiple choice knowledge test paper A Multiple choice knowledge test paper B Practical assessment with questions Professional discussion supported by a portfolio and a supplementary questions and answers session during a facility walk Overall Grading
Any grade Any grade Any grade Fail Fail
Any grade Any grade Fail Any grade Fail
Any grade Fail Any grade Any grade Fail
Fail Any grade Any grade Any grade Fail
Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass
Pass Pass Pass Distinction Pass
Pass Pass Distinction Pass Pass
Pass Distinction Pass Pass Pass
Distinction Pass Pass Pass Pass
Pass Pass Distinction Distinction Pass
Distinction Pass Pass Distinction Pass
Distinction Distinction Pass Pass Pass
Distinction Pass Distinction Pass Pass
Pass Distinction Distinction Pass Pass
Pass Distinction Pass Distinction Pass
Distinction Distinction Distinction Pass Merit
Pass Distinction Distinction Distinction Merit
Distinction Pass Distinction Distinction Merit
Distinction Distinction Pass Distinction Merit
Distinction Distinction Distinction Distinction Distinction

Re-sits and re-takes

An apprentice who fails one or more assessment method(s) can take a re-sit or a re-take at their employer’s discretion. The apprentice’s employer needs to agree that a re-sit or re-take is appropriate. A re-sit does not need further learning, whereas a re-take does.

An apprentice should have a supportive action plan to prepare for a re-sit or a re-take.

The employer and EPAO agree the timescale for a re-sit or re-take. A re-sit is typically taken within 2 months of the EPA outcome notification. The timescale for a re-take is dependent on how much re-training is required and is typically taken within 3 months of the EPA outcome notification.

Failed assessment methods must be re-sat or re-taken within a 6-month period from the EPA outcome notification, otherwise the entire EPA will need to be re-sat or re-taken in full.

Re-sits and re-takes are not offered to an apprentice wishing to move from pass to a higher grade.

An apprentice will get a maximum EPA grade of pass for a re-sit or re-take, unless the EPAO determines there are exceptional circumstances.

Roles and responsibilities

Roles Responsibilities

Apprentice

As a minimum, the apprentice should:

  • participate in and complete on-programme training to meet the KSBs as outlined in the occupational standard for a minimum of 12 months
  • complete the required amount of off-the-job training specified by the apprenticeship funding rules and as arranged by the employer and training provider
  • understand the purpose and importance of EPA
  • meet the gateway requirements 
  • undertake the EPA  

 

Employer

As a minimum, the apprentice's employer must:

  • select the EPAO and training provider 
  • work with the training provider (where applicable) to support the apprentice in the workplace and to provide the opportunities for the apprentice to develop the KSBs
  • arrange and support off-the-job training to be undertaken by the apprentice 
  • decide when the apprentice is working at or above the occupational standard and is ready for EPA 
  • ensure that supporting evidence required at the gateway is submitted in line with this EPA plan 
  • liaise with the training provider and EPAO to ensure the EPA is booked in a timely manner

Post-gateway, the employer must: 

  • confirm arrangements with the EPAO for the EPA (who, when, where) in a timely manner (including providing access to any employer-specific documentation as required, for example company policies)
  • ensure that the EPA is scheduled with the EPAO for a date and time which allows the opportunity for the apprentice to be assessed against the KSBs 
  • remain independent from the delivery of the EPA
  • ensure the apprentice is given sufficient time away from regular duties to prepare for, and complete all post-gateway elements of the EPA, and that any required supervision during this time (as stated within this EPA plan) is in place
  • where the apprentice is assessed in the workplace, ensure that the apprentice has access to the resources used on a regular basis 
  • pass the certificate to the apprentice upon receipt from the EPAO

EPAO

As a minimum, the EPAO must:  

  • conform to the requirements of this EPA plan and deliver its requirements in a timely manner 
  • conform to the requirements of the register of end-point assessment organisations (RoEPAO) 
  • conform to the requirements of the external quality assurance provider (EQAP) for this apprenticeship 
  • understand the occupational standard 
  • make the EPA contractual arrangements, including agreeing the price of the EPA 
  • develop and produce assessment materials as detailed for each assessment method in this EPA plan 
  • appoint qualified and competent independent assessors in line with the requirements of this EPA plan to conduct assessments and oversee their working 
  • appoint administrators (and invigilators where required) to administer the EPA  
  • provide training for independent assessors in terms of good assessment practice, operating the assessment tools and grading 
  • provide information, advice, guidance and documentation to enable apprentices, employers and training providers to prepare for the EPA 
  • confirm all gateway requirements have been met as quickly as possible 
  • arrange for the EPA to take place, in consultation with the employer 
  • ensure that the apprentice has access to the required resources and liaise with the employer to agree this if necessary, where the apprentice is not assessed in the workplace 
  • develop and provide assessment recording documentation to ensure a clear and auditable process is in place for providing assessment decisions and feedback to stakeholders 
  • have no direct connection with the apprentice, their employer or training provider in all instances; there must be no conflict of interest 
  • have policies and procedures for internal quality assurance (IQA), and maintain records of IQA activity and moderation for external quality assurance (EQA) purposes 
  • deliver induction training for independent assessors, and for invigilators and markers (where used) 
  • undertake standardisation activity on this apprenticeship for an independent assessor before they conduct an EPA for the first time, if the EPA is updated and periodically (a minimum of annually) 
  • manage invigilation of the apprentice to maintain security of the assessment in line with the EPAO’s malpractice policy 
  • verify the identity of the apprentice  
  • use language in the development and delivery of the EPA that is appropriate to the level of the occupational standard 

Independent assessor

As a minimum, an independent assessor must: 

  • have the competence to assess the apprentice at the level of this apprenticeship and hold any required qualifications and experience in line with the requirements of the independent assessor as detailed in the IQA section of this EPA plan 
  • understand the occupational standard and the requirements of this EPA 
  • have, maintain and be able to evidence, up-to-date knowledge and expertise of the occupation 
  • deliver the end-point assessment in-line with this EPA plan 
  • comply with the IQA requirements of the EPAO 
  • have no direct connection or conflict of interest with the apprentice, their employer or training provider; in all instances; there must be no conflict of interest 
  • attend induction training 
  • attend standardisation events when they start working for the EPAO, before they conduct an EPA for the first time and a minimum of annually for this apprenticeship  
  • assess each assessment method, as determined by the EPA plan  
  • assess the KSBs assigned to each assessment method, as shown in the mapping of KSBs to assessment methods in this EPA plan  
  • make the grading decisions 
  • record and report assessment outcome decisions, for each apprentice, following instructions and using assessment recording documentation provided by the EPAO, in a timely manner 
  • use language in the development and delivery of the EPA that is appropriate to the level of the occupational standard 
  • mark open (constructed) test answers accurately according to the EPAO’s mark scheme and procedures 

Training provider

As a minimum, the training provider must: 

  • work with the employer and support the apprentice during the off-the-job training to provide the opportunities to develop the KSBs as listed in the occupational standard 
  • conduct training covering the KSBs agreed as part of the Commitment Statement or the Individual Learning Plan 
  • monitor the apprentice’s progress during any training provider led on-programme learning 
  • advise the employer, upon request, on the apprentice’s readiness for EPA 
  • remain independent from the delivery of the EPA 

Marker

As a minimum, the marker must:

  • attend induction training as directed by the EPAO 
  • have no direct connection or conflict of interest with the apprentice, their employer or training provider in all instances 
  • mark test answers in line with the EPAO’s mark scheme and procedures 

Invigilator

As a minimum, the invigilator must: 

  • attend induction training as directed by the EPAO 
  • have no direct connection or conflict of interest with the apprentice, their employer or training provider in all instances 
  • invigilate and supervise apprentices during tests and in breaks during assessment methods to prevent malpractice in accordance with the EPAO’s invigilation procedures 

Reasonable adjustments

The EPAO must have reasonable adjustments arrangements for the EPA.

This should include:

  • how an apprentice qualifies for reasonable adjustment
  • what reasonable adjustments may be made

Adjustments must maintain the validity, reliability and integrity of the EPA as outlined in this EPA plan.

Internal quality assurance

Internal quality assurance refers to how the EPAO ensures valid, consistent and reliable EPA decisions. The EPAO must adhere to the requirements within the roles and responsibilities section and:

  • have effective and rigorous quality assurance systems and procedures that ensure fair, reliable and consistent EPA regardless of employer, place, time or independent assessor
  • appoint independent assessors who are competent to deliver the EPA and who:
    • have recent relevant experience of the occupation or sector to at least occupational level 3 gained in the last 3 years or significant experience of the occupation or sector
  • operate induction training for anyone involved in the delivery or assessment of the EPA
  • provide training for independent assessors in good assessment practice, operating the assessment tools and making grading decisions
  • provide ongoing training for markers and invigilators
  • provide standardisation activity for this apprenticeship standard for all independent assessors:
    • before they conduct an EPA for the first time
    • if the EPA is updated
    • periodically as appropriate (a minimum of annually)
  • conduct effective moderation of EPA decisions and grades
  • conduct appeals where required, according to the EPAO’s appeals procedure, reviewing and making final decisions on EPA decisions and grades
  • have no direct connection with the apprentice, their employer or training provider; in HEI.

Value for money

Affordability of the EPA will be aided by using at least some of the following:

  • completing applicable assessment methods online (for example computer-based assessment)
  • assessing multiple apprentices simultaneously where the method of assessment permits this
  • using the employer’s premises
  • conducting assessment methods on the same day

Professional recognition

Professional body recognition is not relevant to this occupational apprenticeship.

Mapping of KSBs to assessment methods

Knowledge Assessment methods
K1

Environmental, health, and safety legislation and regulations (e.g. Health and Safety at Work Act, Control of Substances Hazardous to Health, principles of risk assessment).

Back to Grading
Multiple choice knowledge test paper A
K2

Governing body rules and regulations relevant to the particular sports turf surfaces.

Back to Grading
Practical assessment with questions
K3

Materials, tools, equipment and machinery used in maintenance and renovation activities.

Back to Grading
Multiple choice knowledge test paper A
K4

Soils structure and texture (including amended rootzones and top dressings).

Back to Grading
Multiple choice knowledge test paper A
K5

Sports turf reinforcement methods (including hybrid surfaces) and artificial turf materials.

Back to Grading
Multiple choice knowledge test paper A
K6

Common names of turf-grasses (vegetative and seed). (Including, perennial ryegrass, smooth stalk meadow grass, annual meadow grass, fescue grass (fine), bent grass).

Back to Grading
Professional discussion supported by a portfolio and a supplementary questions and answers session during a facility walk
K7

Common threats to turf health :- Weeds: Daisy, Dandelion, Yarrow, Mosses, Procumbent pearlwort, White clover, Greater (Broad leaved) plantain, Ribwort (Narrow leaved) plantain, Knotgrass, Creeping buttercup, Creeping cinquefoil, Slender speedwell Pests: Cockchafer grub, Earthworm, Leatherjacket grub, Nematode Diseases: Anthracnose, Leaf Spot, Fairy rings - (Type 1 or Type 2 or Type 3) – (acceptable example of a correct Genus name only required, e.g. Type 1: Marasmius spp; Type 2: Lycoperdon spp; Type 3: Hygrophorus spp), Microdochium (Fusarium) patch, Red thread, Take-all patch. Turf disorders: Fertiliser scorch, Hydraulic oil scorch, Black layer, Drought.

Back to Grading
Multiple choice knowledge test paper B
K8

Processes for setting up sports turf surfaces in line with relevant governing body requirements (including line marking, the 3-4-5 squaring technique, and marking arcs and semi-circles).

Back to Grading
Practical assessment with questions
K9

The principles of plant science (including photosynthesis, respiration and transpiration in the growth and development of plants).

Back to Grading
Multiple choice knowledge test paper A
K10

The principles of plant nutrition and impact on sustainability (including Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Magnesium, Sulphur, Iron).

Back to Grading
Multiple choice knowledge test paper A
K11

The impact of climate, weather and ground conditions on the maintenance and use of sports turf surfaces.

Back to Grading
Multiple choice knowledge test paper A
K12

Different methods to sustainably and safely dispose of waste to minimise and reduce environmental impacts.

Back to Grading
Multiple choice knowledge test paper A
K13

Methods to assess the condition of sports turf surfaces (including thatch content, root depth, uniformity of cover, weed/pest/disease content).

Back to Grading
Professional discussion supported by a portfolio and a supplementary questions and answers session during a facility walk
K14

The principles of sports turf irrigation and drainage systems (including layouts, components, and basic maintenance).

Back to Grading
Professional discussion supported by a portfolio and a supplementary questions and answers session during a facility walk
K15

How to calibrate equipment to apply a range of materials associated with sports turf surfaces (e.g. grass seed, granular fertilisers, bulky top-dressing, turf and root zone).

Back to Grading
Practical assessment with questions
K16

Maintenance operations required to ensure the quality of sports turf surfaces.

Back to Grading
Professional discussion supported by a portfolio and a supplementary questions and answers session during a facility walk
K17

Operations and techniques required for general day-to-day maintenance of sports turf surfaces.

Back to Grading
Professional discussion supported by a portfolio and a supplementary questions and answers session during a facility walk
K18

Operations and techniques required to repair damaged sports turf surfaces .

Back to Grading
Professional discussion supported by a portfolio and a supplementary questions and answers session during a facility walk
K19

The application of integrated prevention and control methods to reduce the threat to sports turf health (e.g. weeds, pests, diseases, disorders).

Back to Grading
Multiple choice knowledge test paper A
Skill Assessment methods
S1

Apply the correct rates and range of materials to sports turf surfaces (e.g. grass seed, granular fertilisers, bulky top-dressing, turf and root zone).

Back to Grading
Practical assessment with questions
S2

Set and mark out the sports turf surface in accordance with the relevant governing body rules (including line marking, the 3-4-5 squaring technique, and marking arcs and semi-circles).

Back to Grading
Practical assessment with questions
S3

Prepare machinery and equipment to ensure their safe and effective use when carrying out sport turf tasks.

Back to Grading
Practical assessment with questions
S4

Maintain levels of soil moisture using either irrigation or drainage systems.

Back to Grading
Professional discussion supported by a portfolio and a supplementary questions and answers session during a facility walk
S5

Inspect the condition of sports turf, make observations and communicate findings (e.g. PQS, weeds, pests, diseases, thatch content).

Back to Grading
Professional discussion supported by a portfolio and a supplementary questions and answers session during a facility walk
S6

Prepare the ground and established grass areas as part of sports turf renovation tasks (e.g. overseeding, turfing).

Back to Grading
Professional discussion supported by a portfolio and a supplementary questions and answers session during a facility walk
S7

Carry out cylinder mowing of sports turf surface(s) in accordance with set requirements.

Back to Grading
Practical assessment with questions
S8

Carry out repair of sports turf surfaces using relevant equipment and machinery (e.g. divot repair, foot hole repair, animal damage).

Back to Grading
Professional discussion supported by a portfolio and a supplementary questions and answers session during a facility walk
S9

Prepare and safely operate a tractor and it's attachments (including non-mowing attachments).

Back to Grading
Practical assessment with questions
S10

Select and use relevant communication styles (e.g. verbal, written, digital) to convey information to different audiences (e.g. clients, staff, suppliers).

Back to Grading
Professional discussion supported by a portfolio and a supplementary questions and answers session during a facility walk
S11

Adopts a systematic approach to troubleshooting and solving day-to-day resource or equipment issues.

Back to Grading
Professional discussion supported by a portfolio and a supplementary questions and answers session during a facility walk
S12

Identify a range of turf grasses (vegetative and seed). (Including, perennial ryegrass smooth stalk meadow grass, annual meadow grass, fescue grass (fine), bent grass).

Back to Grading
Professional discussion supported by a portfolio and a supplementary questions and answers session during a facility walk
S13

Carry out maintenance of sports turf surface using relevant equipment and machinery (including scarification, and aeration).

Back to Grading
Professional discussion supported by a portfolio and a supplementary questions and answers session during a facility walk
S14

Dispose of waste in a safe and sustainable manner.

Back to Grading
Professional discussion supported by a portfolio and a supplementary questions and answers session during a facility walk
Behaviour Assessment methods
B1

A strong work ethic including attention to detail and good time management.

Back to Grading
Practical assessment with questions
B2

Flexible and positive attitude to work.

Back to Grading
Professional discussion supported by a portfolio and a supplementary questions and answers session during a facility walk
B3

Takes ownership of own work.

Back to Grading
Professional discussion supported by a portfolio and a supplementary questions and answers session during a facility walk
B4

Committed to keeping up to date with industry best practice.

Back to Grading
Professional discussion supported by a portfolio and a supplementary questions and answers session during a facility walk
B5

Possess a safety mindset for self, colleagues and others.

Back to Grading
Practical assessment with questions
B6

Team focused and works effectively with colleagues and others.

Back to Grading
Professional discussion supported by a portfolio and a supplementary questions and answers session during a facility walk

Mapping of KSBs to grade themes

Practical assessment with questions - PracticalAssessment

KSBS GROUPED BY THEME Knowledge Skills Behaviour
Application of a material within health and safety guidance
K15
S1

How to calibrate equipment to apply a range of materials associated with sports turf surfaces (e.g. grass seed, granular fertilisers, bulky top-dressing, turf and root zone). (K15)

Apply the correct rates and range of materials to sports turf surfaces (e.g. grass seed, granular fertilisers, bulky top-dressing, turf and root zone). (S1)

N/A

Machinery and equipment

S3 S7 S9
B1 B5

N/A

Prepare machinery and equipment to ensure their safe and effective use when carrying out sport turf tasks. (S3)

Carry out cylinder mowing of sports turf surface(s) in accordance with set requirements. (S7)

Prepare and safely operate a tractor and it's attachments (including non-mowing attachments). (S9)

A strong work ethic including attention to detail and good time management. (B1)

Possess a safety mindset for self, colleagues and others. (B5)

Setting out a playing area
K2 K8
S2

Governing body rules and regulations relevant to the particular sports turf surfaces. (K2)

Processes for setting up sports turf surfaces in line with relevant governing body requirements (including line marking, the 3-4-5 squaring technique, and marking arcs and semi-circles). (K8)

Set and mark out the sports turf surface in accordance with the relevant governing body rules (including line marking, the 3-4-5 squaring technique, and marking arcs and semi-circles). (S2)

N/A

Professional discussion supported by a portfolio and a supplementary questions and answers session during a facility walk - Discussion

KSBS GROUPED BY THEME Knowledge Skills Behaviour
Maintenance, renovation and repair
K16 K17 K18
S6 S8 S11 S13 S14
B2

Maintenance operations required to ensure the quality of sports turf surfaces. (K16)

Operations and techniques required for general day-to-day maintenance of sports turf surfaces. (K17)

Operations and techniques required to repair damaged sports turf surfaces . (K18)

Prepare the ground and established grass areas as part of sports turf renovation tasks (e.g. overseeding, turfing). (S6)

Carry out repair of sports turf surfaces using relevant equipment and machinery (e.g. divot repair, foot hole repair, animal damage). (S8)

Adopts a systematic approach to troubleshooting and solving day-to-day resource or equipment issues. (S11)

Carry out maintenance of sports turf surface using relevant equipment and machinery (including scarification, and aeration). (S13)

Dispose of waste in a safe and sustainable manner. (S14)

Flexible and positive attitude to work. (B2)

Sports turf health and condition
K13
S5 S10
B6

Methods to assess the condition of sports turf surfaces (including thatch content, root depth, uniformity of cover, weed/pest/disease content). (K13)

Inspect the condition of sports turf, make observations and communicate findings (e.g. PQS, weeds, pests, diseases, thatch content). (S5)

Select and use relevant communication styles (e.g. verbal, written, digital) to convey information to different audiences (e.g. clients, staff, suppliers). (S10)

Team focused and works effectively with colleagues and others. (B6)

Irrigation and drainage
K14
S4
B3 B4

The principles of sports turf irrigation and drainage systems (including layouts, components, and basic maintenance). (K14)

Maintain levels of soil moisture using either irrigation or drainage systems. (S4)

Takes ownership of own work. (B3)

Committed to keeping up to date with industry best practice. (B4)

Grass types
K6
S12

Common names of turf-grasses (vegetative and seed). (Including, perennial ryegrass, smooth stalk meadow grass, annual meadow grass, fescue grass (fine), bent grass). (K6)

Identify a range of turf grasses (vegetative and seed). (Including, perennial ryegrass smooth stalk meadow grass, annual meadow grass, fescue grass (fine), bent grass). (S12)

N/A

Contact us about this apprenticeship

Employers involved in creating the standard: Whitgift School, Leicester City Football Club, Oaklands College, Crossfield’s School, Ashton Gate, Training Unlimited, Edgbaston, Myerscough College & University Centre, Kings School, Warwick School, Nottingham University, Grounds Management Association, York Racecourse, SMB College Group, Rugby Football Union, Tottenham Hotspur

Version log

Version Change detail Earliest start date Latest start date Latest end date
Revised version awaiting implementation In revision 01/03/2023 Not set Not set
1.0 Approved for delivery 19/09/2016 28/02/2023 Not set

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